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Toenail Problems

Ingrown toenails develop when the nail grows into the skin. This can lead to discomfort and infection. It commonly occurs at either edge of the big toe. Causes for ingrown toenails are inproper trimming, inherited nail deformities, injuries, fungal infections, or pressure from ill fitting shoes. Thickened nails can be caused by injuries, ill fitting shoes, fungal infections, diabetes or vascular disease. A black-and-blue nail can be caused by sudden injury or repetitive injury from sports.

Heel Pain

The plantar fascia is a fibrous band that runs from the heel to the ball of the foot. The bands pull on the heel bone which raises the arch of the foot as it is pushed off the ground. Flat feet, feet that over arch, and incorrect movement or positioning of the foot can cause the plantar fascia to become strained, swelling the fascia, causing plantar fasciitis. Pain generally occurs on the inside of the foot in the area where the heel and arch meet. Flat feet can be from birth, or from the result of arthritis, trauma, or musculoskeletal disorders. Other causes of heel pain are tendonitis, bursitis or a bone spur formed where the plantar fascia is attached.


A bunion is a common big toe problem. The big toe is pushed inward, making the joint stick out. A bunion can be sore or get infected. A bunion can lead to arthritis, or be caused by arthritis. Poorly fitting shoes can contribute to bunions or make existing bunions worse. Since a bunion changes the shape of the foot, it can make it difficult to find shoes that fit.

A corn or callus is caused by rubbing in the same area.

A neuroma is a growth of nerve tissue in the foot that can cause a lot of pain.

Fungal infections, such as athlete's foot, can grown between toes, on the soles of the feet, and inside toenails. Fungal nails can also be caused by an injury to the nail.


A hammer toe is any joint that causes the toe to curl up to resemble a claw. Corns can develop between the curled toes or on top of the joints.

Plantar warts are caused by a virus. They can be very painful.

Diabetes symptoms can damage nerves in feet and cause neuropathy. With damaged nerves it is difficult to feel injuries or sore areas on feet. Diabetes can also effect blood flow, which makes it difficult for foot ailments to heal properly. A simple cut can become a serious infection. Common diabetic signs of issues with feet are the following:

  • Red spots, blisters, corns, calluses
  • Drainage on sock
  • Dry, cracked, or scaly skin
  • Thick, yellow, or ingrown toenails
  • Slow-healing soles
  • Tingling, cold, or burning sensations
  • Numbness
  • Red streaks or discoloration

Diabetes: Foot care


Fractures of the bone in the foot is also very painful condition which is caused by the bones seperating after the patient typically falls or trips